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closed die and open die forging
In modern society,forging industry is involved in various industries for construction machines,agricultural machinery,automotive,oilfield equipments,ect.Steel billets could be processed by various forging 
processes,among them the common used forging ways are closed die forging and open die forging.Although these two forging methods all belong to forging,it is not difficult to tell the difference between closed die forging and open die forging.The biggest difference of them is forging dies.Now let us have a deeper comparison on the differences between them.

Open die forging is also named free forging,means metal billets compressed under external compressive force and deformed to desired demensions or shapes in a free way without forging dies.Closed die forging,also referred to impression die forging,is a process that heated by medium frenquency induction heating furnace to high temperature and forged between upper and lower dies to get expected shapes like the drawing.
Although there are a variety of advantages of drop forging technology compared to other metal forming processes,there may still exsit some defects in hot forging process. Such drop forging defects can be split into two broad types:geometrical defects and non geometrical defects.

Geometrical defects of drop forging
*Laps and folds: Laps and folds are produced due to improper design of drop forging dies, making the laps created onto the final component which is rather undesirable as make irregular surface finish and also may weaken the product for internal or external cracks.
*Unfilled defects: There may exsit some sections of die cavity not completely filled by the flowing steel. This defects happen due to the improper design of drop forging dies or not using the right forging process.
There are different types of forgings, drop forging (closed die forging and open die forging), cold forging, samless rolled ring forging. So forging can generally divided into hot forging and cold forging. Cold forging is a forging process mufacturing in room temperature, however hot forging is a forging process in high temperature, so it is also referred to as drop forging. We can use hot forging to produce a wide range of parts in most metals. So we may be wondering why drop forging is hot forging, not cold forging?
hot forging
Forged steel is a forged process made in steel. Early forged steel types were developed in China and Persia. Traditionally, forged steel is manufacturered by a smith. Since 1800s, modern forged steel was started. To make forged steel, workers have to heat metals to high temperature so that it could be easily shaped into desired dimensions. Today forged steel is used in a number of industries.

Benefits of forged steel
  • Forged steel require an initial cost for the design and making of dies. But it has low recurring cost for each parts,so drop forging gradually become more economical with large volume.
  • During drop forging process, metals are shaped to follow the designed shape of part while its internal grain deforms. Then, the grain is continuous throughout the part and make forged steel parts with improved strength. Therefore, forged steel has higher strength to weight ratio compared to cast steel,at least 20% higher.
  • Forged steel is the right alternation of aluminum for its low cost in many applications. And forged steel has three times as strongth as aluminium although it is much heavier.
For the advantages of drop forging, such as it can bear high power,this process is widely used for all industrial manufacturing. In all the metal forming process, we can say drop forging is the best solution for your steel parts. So today more and more buyers use drop forging as the production process,especially for those components in large production runs. Most drop forging manufacturers supply OEM service for their customers, so buyers can forge any shapes they like, of course, such shapes must comply with drop forging technology and the dimensions can not exceed the range of the largest forging press allows. There are many drop forging companies all over the world, and buyer can choose to custom drop forgings in any countries (USA, UK, Australia, China,etc) they like. In comparison, they prefer to buying in China for the low price. But due to the lack of understanding of Chinese drop forging industry, buyers do not know how to make the parts in China.
ultrasonic cleaningUltrasonic cleaning is a common cleaning way for drop forging.It can remove scale cinder and other impurities of drop forgings in a rapid and complete removal way to win a better surface.

The process is brought about by high frequency electrical energy that is converted by a transducer into high frequency sound waves – ultrasonic energy. Its ability to clean drop forgings even the most tenacious substances from items derives from the core of the unit: the transducer. The cleaning power of a unit stems from the transducers performance.
forged fittingsDrop Forging is a processing method by use of forging press put pressure on metal blanks, making it produce plastic deformation in order to obtain certain mechanical properties, a certain shape and sizes. Forging can eliminate the as-cast loose defect produced during metal smelting process, and optimize the microstructure. Meanwhile because of the intact metal flow,the mechanical properties of forging will be better than that of castings in same material.

Main forged fittings include: elbow, flange, tee, union, coupling, cap, etc.

Main standard: American standard ANSI, German standard DIN, Janpanese standard JIS and Chinese GB/T, etc.
drop forging solutionQ: I have a drawing design for steel metal parts, and it is used for automotive application. Now i am wondering which process i should choose to use. Is drop forging best solution for steel parts production?

When we have such doubt or similar, just pls analyze the processes we may choose. Why use drop forging? Forging and casting are two very different manufacturing methods. When something is cast,the material is heated above its melting temperature and poured into a mold where it solidifies. When something is drop forged it is physically forced into shape while remaining in a solid state – although it is frequently heated.Below is our testing result on if drop forging is the best solution for steel parts production: 
why use drop forgingForging, casting, machining and welding fabrication are the four main metal forming technologies. So why use drop forging? Here we discuss this issue in detail in side of design, economy, environment, quality, material, application, etc. So that you could have a deeper understanding of drop forging.

Drop forged components make possible designs that accommodate the highest loads and stresses. Recent advances in drop forging technology have greatly increased the range of properties available in steel forgings. To the designer,the structural integrity of forgings means safety factors based on material that will respond predictably to its environment without costly special processing to correct for internal defects.
closed die forgingClosed die forging,also called impression die forging,involves the pressing or hammering of preformed metal blanks into a set of dies shaped as a three dimensional negative of the part to be produced.In closed die forging the hammer and anvil fully enclose the workpiece,forcing the metal to fill all areas of the die.Closed die forging can produce a nearly limitless variety of 3-D shapes, and is capable of producing complex parts with tight tolerances.

Closed die forging is distinct from open die forging, in which the die only comes into contact with part of the workpiece at a time.Initial costs for developing the processes and tooling for closed die forging can be quite high,but it is the most cost-effective forging method for high volume production,since recurring costs for each part are very low.In addition,closed die forging is capable of producing both symmetrical and non-symmetrical parts. Materials that frequently undergo closed die forging processes include high alloy steel, naval brass,carbon steel,aluminum,alloy metals,stainless steel,copper, nickel,tool steel and titanium.Closed die forgings are used particularly often by industries such as electronics,aerospace,automotive,commercial,manufacturing,semiconductor,construction,hardware and food processing.
drop forging drawingWe all know that drop forging is just a metal forming technology working according to the drawings. So drawing design is the first step to make a metal part. Such drawing is normally designed with computer softwares like DXF, Parasolid, Step, Igs, Solidworks, Catia, Pro-Engineer, etc. Usually a drawing consists of drawing number, material, unit weight, dimensions, tolerances, notes, etc. All these factors must be exactly marked in the drawing so that drop forging companies could customize the right part you need. Of course, samples could also be offered if drawing is not available.

Drawing number
Drawing number is used to name a drop forging part so that we could check the part accordingly. In most cases,the drawing number(such as FLY151006) is made up of letter and numbers (letters could be the abbreviation of company namer, numbers could be the date or product serial number). When communicate with our customers, both of us will know which one we are talking about. And for next order, purchaser will just advise the drawing number in the PO.
agricultural machineryWith the development of economy,it has come true that mechanized production is now applied in agriculture. In the past, people have to plant crops by labour, which cost them much time and energy. Nowadays, we just need to finish all the works by agricultural machines, such as tractor, cultivator, chisel plow, air seeder, harvester, etc.

Agricultural machinery is one of the main industries we served for drop forging products. With over 10 years experience in exporting agricultural wear parts to overseas market, like Spain, Italy, UK, etc, CFS now could offer a completed forging solution for agricultural needs including product design, drop forged dies making, forging, machining, heat treatment, surface finish, assembling, package, delivery, etc. We now have the most advanced production lines in China, could serve agricultural forgings in different specifications so that it could fit for all machines. All our agricultural drop forgings are made for agricultural equipment manufacturers or agricultural wear parts dealers.