Drop forging manufacturer


Home » News » Page 8
Drop forging is one of the common ways to manufacture a metal component. But what creats this method and why drop forgings so remarkably strong and tough? There are mainly two key aspects explaining why drop forging creates stronger products than other metal working processes and is an ideal manufacturing process for many critical metal components: predictable grain structure and uniformity.  

The traditional process of drop forging involves heating a billet and placing it into a die, where it then is put under extreme pressure by a “hammer” and forced into the die's shape. During this process, the grain flow of the metal is actually altered, conforming to the shape of the part. This process makes the metal component stronger, tougher and much more reliable. The importance of grain structure cannot be underestimated. The process of bar stock and plate machining, for example, creates unidirectional grain flow. This means that any changes to the contour will ultimately cut flow lines, exposing the grain ends and making the metal more vulnerable to fatigue and corrosion.

The grain structure and flow created during the drop forging process is directional and has been placed in a way as to increase the strength and toughness of the part, thus creating overall directional strength. Since no grain ends are exposed, a drop forged metal component is less susceptible to wear and tear.
applications of aluminum forgings
The demand of aluminum forging is getting larger than before. Here are some main advantages of aluminum forgings:

  • Low density, only 34% of steel forgings and 30% of copper forgings. Aluminum alloys are ideal lightweight materials.
  • High strength, high stiffness, high elastic modulus and high fatigue strength, it is suitable for the key stressed parts with high requirement of lightening. Its comprehensive performance is much higher than that of other materials.
  • The internal structure is compact, uniform and free of defects, and its reliability is much higher than that of aluminum alloy castings and other metal castings.
  • Aluminum alloy has good plasticity, which can be processed into high-precision forging pieces with complex shapes. The machining allowance is small, only about 20% of the machining allowance of aluminum alloy tensile thick plate, which greatly saves time and cost.
  • Aluminum forgings have good corrosion resistance, thermal conductivity and non - magnetic properties, which cannot be compared with steel forgings.
  • The surface is bright and clean, beautiful. Besides, the surface treatment performance is good, beautiful and durable.
  • It can be seen that aluminum forgings have a series of excellent features, providing good conditions for aluminum forgings to replace steel, copper, magnesium, wood and plastics.
forging of aluminum alloys
Forging process is the common metal working process in production. It mainly takes advantage of the plasticity of materials and causes plastic deformation of materials with the help of external forces, so as to obtain required shapes, sizes and certain performances. As far as the forging process itself is concerned, the advantage is that the inside of the forging is compact, the structure is relatively uniform, and there are no pores in the interior. The drawback is that larger deformation forces are required. According to the placement of tools and molds, forging can be divided into open die forging, 
closed die forging and roll forging. Open die forging is formed by a fixed flat anvil, the forging die of roll forging is mobile, and the forging die of closed die forging is fixed. According to the forging temperature, forging can be divided into hot forging, cold forging and warm forging. Aluminum and aluminum alloy are the most widely used nonferrous metals, with the yield second only to that of steel. Some key processes in aluminum alloy forging are introduced below.

Aluminum alloy can be used in the manufacturing of mechanical parts or components which bear large loads and become widely used non-ferrous metal materials in the industry. Due to its high specific strength and light weight, aluminum alloy becomes the main structural material of aerospace forgings. As a common metal material in daily forging production, the application of aluminum alloy is far more than that. More applications and improvements of aluminum forgings need to be found.
In commercial closed-die forging, the workpiece is usually moved though a series of cavities in a die to get from an ingot to the final form. The first impression is used to distribute the metal into the rough shape in accordance to the needs of later cavities; this impression is called a edging, fullering, or bending impression. The following cavities are called blocking cavities in which the workpiece is working into a shape that more and more resembles the final product. These stages usually impart the workpiece will generous bends and large fillets. The final shape is forged in a final or finisher impression cavity. If there is only a short run of parts to be done it may be more economical for the die to lack a final impression cavity and rather machine the final features.

CFS Closed Die Forging Company sets the industry standard for quality, performance, craftsmanship, and customer service. Our closed die drop forgings help the leading brands in the mining, gear, aerospace, energy, and defense industries run. That’s because we use the highest-quality materials expertly engineered to fit each customer’s individual needs from standard to custom die forgings. Any inquiry on closed die forging, pls get in touch with us.
drop forged chair components
Question: “We currently have a Marine Deck chair manufactured for us, but with alloy castings. Need to change the castings into drop forged components so we can anodize. Can your forging company help me?” Mitchell said.

Mitchell is the deck chair seller in New Zealand, who ever had his chair fittings casted in aluminum alloy. But now due to the fact that both the surface finish and strength of casted chair fittings are not good, so he wants to convert these aluminum chair fittings into drop forging process.

He did not have the technical drawings, but sent us the actual samples, which were originally casted. Once the samples were received, we found that there are totally six components, which are all not large. According to the shapes of these samples, our engineer judged that we had the ability to change these castings into drop forged components. But due to the differences between casting and forging, some post machining operations would be added after forging. In terms of casting, the effect of anodization treatment is not good, so this kind of surface finish is only suitable for aluminum forgings, whose surface will look shining and smooth.
copper forging china
copper forging process, a metal part is heated and formed into a predetermined shape between a set of dies. The process involves heating a metal slug and then pressing it into shape within a die cavity. Not only is the metal shaped, but the forging process also improves the mechanical and physical properties of the part. Forging today is performed on high-speed automatic equipment.

CFS Drop Forge is one of the top copper forging companies in China. We are registered with ISO 9001:2000, ISO/TS 16949 with 150 employees.Our team manufactures with drop forgings out of copper, brass and bronze for all industrial application. With the electro- hydraulic forging press, forgings up to a weight of 50 kg can be manufactured. Therefore these purpose necessary parameters which are steered precisely such as the temperature of the tool and the rough stamping, the velocity of transforming and the shaping energy are basic requirements for a high quality deformation.
how to select forging materialsThe material that is selected for forging process must be one that can achieve the required physical and mechanical properties. Where alloys from several groups meet performance requirements, the most economical alloy, in terms of material and processing costs, should be chosen. See below summary on making a preliminary selection of forging materials:

Carbon, microalloyed and alloy steels are low to moderate in cost. The main cost drivers are processing and machining. The alloys are readily hot forged and some shapes are cold forgeable in selected alloys. When precision or closed die forgings are anticipated, the designer should be aware that eventual purchased quantities of forgings should be large enough to justify the typical added tooling preparation charge. There are times when the added tooling costs are well justified to eliminate a difficult to machine shape regardless of purchase quantities.
copper forging advantagesCopper forging offers a number of advantages over copper products made by other processes (such as copper casting). Dimensional precision is greater than by casting, working the alloys develops improved strength, and overall cost is modest. Zero draft forgings are possible, though not always practical. However, minimum draft forgings are being produced. Minimum draft capability is independent of alloy composition; alloys that can be forged by conventional means can be forged to minimum draft angles approaching 1°.

Copper forgings are common and provide near-net shape parts with minimal waste. Copper forgings mainly include brass forging whose major alloying element is zinc, and bronze forging whose major alloying element is other than zinc, such as silicon bronze and aluminum bronze. Pour copper contains very high copper content, typically 98% or more, such as beryllium copper. Copper based alloys are designated by a six-character alpha-numeric system. The first character is C, indicating the copper base. The next five are numeric characters. The first numeric indicates the major group, and the remaining four designate the alloys within the group.

Drop, press, rolling, hot, cold, warm; there is a wide variety of processes that forging materials can take to 
manufacture parts for today’s consumers and enterprises. However, there is one manufacturing process that stands out among them all for value, time, and dependability: drop forging.

Similar to press, and ring rolled forgings, with closed-die drop forgings the billet is heated to a point of most malleability without changing to liquid state; it remains in a solid state the entire forging process. Casting on the other hand takes a material and heats it completely to the melting point and pours this liquid metal into a formed cast (see casting vs forging). This is easier to produce more geometrically complex shapes however, the durability and overall quality is lesser, takes more resources, and is not as cost effective with material scrap. Drop forgings minimize wasted material and are cost-effective, quick, and retain their durability under considerable stresses. This makes drop forging best for industrial metal components.